Barling (or Barling Magna) is a village and civil parish in Essex, England.
Barling (Sebastian County) is located between one of Arkansas’s major cities, Fort Smith (Sebastian County), and an important twentieth-century army post, Fort Chaffee.
The town, originally named Spring Hill, saw its greatest growth to date occur largely because of the founding of Fort Chaffee in 1941.
Barling was established by Aaron Barling, a former soldier stationed at Fort Smith in 1817.
He purchased land about eight miles east of Fort Smith on Little Rock Road in November 1830.
His first enterprise, however, was to organize a Methodist Episcopal Church, South, congregation in 1873.